Women living with HIV (WLWH) suffer from poor viral suppression and retention postpartum. The effect of perinatal depression on care continuum outcomes during pregnancy and postpartum is unknown. We performed a retrospective cohort analysis using HIV surveillance data of pregnant WLWH enrolled in perinatal case management in Philadelphia and evaluated the association between possible or definite depression with four outcomes: viral suppression at delivery, care engagement within three months postpartum, retention and viral suppression at one-year postpartum. Out of 337 deliveries (2005–2013) from 281 WLWH, 53.1% (n = 179) had no depression; 46.9% had either definite (n = 126) or possible (n = 32) depression during pregnancy. There were no differences by depression status across all four HIV care continuum outcomes in unadjusted and adjusted analyses. The prevalence of possible or definite depression was high among pregnant WLWH. HIV care continuum outcomes did not differ by depression status, likely because of supportive services and intensive case management provided to women with possible or definite depression.
"HIV care continuum outcomes of pregnant women living with HIV with and without depression." AIDS Care, 2018.