Why is one far more likely to hear about “algorithmic bias” rather than “algorithmic racism” or “algorithmic sexism,” even when we mean the latter? “Bias” is the latest chapter in the still unfolding history of social psychology, which has struggled to address why racism and other oppressive systems persist. In a recent historical review of this discourse, Dovidio et. al. (2010) describe how the term “bias” emerges from the academic literature. They begin with Walter Lippmann, who, in his book Public Opinion (1922), popularized the term “stereotype” in the modern sense to mean one’s perception of a group of people.
"Systemic Algorithmic Harms." Data & Society Points, 2019.