"This is Why the Islamic State Shocks the World with its Graphically Violent Imagery." The Washington Post's Monkey Cage, 2017.

"The Islamic State shocked the world with its use and publication of graphic violence. Its coordinated media apparatus and social-media campaigns have been widely discussed and studied, but little is actually known about its media strategy, a potent blend of weaponized images and creative poaching from American popular culture.

In my new research project, funded by the Carnegie Corp. through a 2016 Andrew Carnegie Fellowship, I have examined multiple primary jihadist documents about media and communication. Far from random acts of violence, the Islamic State has a clear media doctrine intended to do as much damage as its bullets and bombs."