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Addiction, Health, and Adolescence Lab

Images as Text

Below are text descriptions for the figures found on the Addiction, Health, and Adolescence Lab's research page.

Figure 1

The graph contains an x-axis and a y-axis. The x-axis is labelled “macro-time (age)” and the y-axis is labeled “magnitude of dynamic process”. To convey the notion of intraindividual change, or within-person change resulting from long-term processes over the course of years, a smooth gray line starts low on the y-axis, rising until the middle of the x-axis, before falling again. To convey the notion of intraindividual variability, or changes occurring on relatively short timescales conceived of as transient fluctuations over the course of seconds, minutes, days, and weeks, two circles are placed on the gray line and two larger circles above the small circles magnify details in the smooth dray line that are visible at shorter timescales. Within both circles, pink lines fluctuate up and down. The pink lines in the circle magnifying the period of adolescence shows more fluctuations than the pink lines in the circle magnifying the period of adulthood to indicate differences in short-term dynamics at different periods of the lifespan.

Figure 2

This figure shows a bar chart with session (smoke as usual or abstinent) on the x-axis and percent correct on the y-axis. Within each session there are two bars: one for a reward condition and a second for a neutral condition. In the smoke as usual condition, there is a significant difference in percent correct such that people are more accurate in the reward relative to the neutral condition. No such significant difference between the reward and neutral condition are shown in the abstinent session.

Figure 3

Two emotion networks are shown. In these networks, four circles represent four different emotions: happiness, anger, anxiety, and depression. Directed arrows emerge from these circles and connect with every other circle. The thickness of the arrows varies. The emotion network on the left has lower overall emotion network density than the emotion network on the right. This difference in density is depicted visually by differences in the thickness of the directed arrows across the two networks.

Figure 4

On the top left, a cartoon person browses Wikipedia on a computer. Behind the computer monitor is a network to indicate that Wikipedia consists of individual pages (nodes in the network) that are connected with one another (lines connecting the nodes). The cartoon person has their mind exposed and their mind is depicted as consisting of a highly structured network where nodes cluster together with many lines between the nodes. This person is labeled a hunter. On the bottom left, a cartoon person also browses Wikipedia. This person’s mind, however, is depicted as consisting of a loose network where nodes have few lines between them and do not cluster together in a structured manner. This person is labeled a busybody. In the middle, the concept of node clustering in a network is depicted. A node, circled in red, is shown in a network consisting of 7 nodes and 9 edges. Three triangles are formed to illustrate the concept of clustering. To the right is a scatterplot plot with deprivation sensitivity on the x-axis and average clustering coefficient on the y-axis. A line of best fit with a standard error ribbon is shown in the scatter plot and a significant beta coefficient of 0.23 is shown in the top left of the scatter plot. The plot illustrates that as deprivation sensitivity increases, so too does the average clustering coefficient.